CRISP has also been associated with the preparation of the Module on “Investment in Extension and Advisory Services as part of the Agricultural Innovation Systems” for the World Bank Publication “Agricultural Innovation Systems: An Investment Source Book”.

Extension-plus is a framework for investment in strengthening and reforming extension to be a strong partner in the AIS. It is especially relevant in the context of reforming public extension organizations in developing countries, where extension is struggling to find a relevant role to deal with contemporary rural and agricultural development challenges. The key elements of extension-plus are:

1. A broad scope of service provision (beyond technology transfer).
2. The extensive use of partnerships to fulfill an expanded mandate.
3. A learning-based approach.
4. Negotiations with a wide range of stakeholders for developing workable and effective service arrangements.
5. An institutional mechanism to represent clients’ interests at the management level, so the program remains accountable to its clients.

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